My research areas include Native American and Indigenous religions and American religious history. I am interested in discussions about method and theory in the study of religion, the role of religion in colonial governance, material religion, and religion in museums. Themes that arise in my work include religion and race, culture, science, politics, and popular culture.
I am currently at work on a book manuscript tentatively titled The Materialization of Native American Religions: The Smithsonian, Settler Colonialism, and the Study of Indigenous Lifeways. It will be published as part of the Critical Studies in the History of Anthropology Series from the University of Nebraska Press.
This project examines the legacy of government-funded research on Native American religions conducted by the Bureau of American Ethnology (BAE), a Smithsonian agency. I focus on the Bureau’s origins, methods, and the theories about Indigenous religions they promoted, with case studies on Zuni landscapes, Cherokee language, and Lakota ceremonial practices. The Bureau’s research on Native American beliefs and practices was conducted during the “assimilation era” of U.S. Indian policy, a devastating period in which many Native traditions were targeted by the federal government. Bureau contributions increased knowledge of Native American traditions among policymakers, scholars, and the general public–but often at a great cost to the Indigenous communities they studied.
scholarly articles, chapters, & essays
“Religion on the Brink: Settler-Colonial Knowledge Production in the US Census” | Religion and US Empire: Critical New Histories (NYU Press, 2002): 85-102.
“New Religions and Old Ways: Kiowa Religious Change and Continuity in a Time of Upheaval” | Nova Religio 25.4 (2022): 102-109 <pdf>
“An Equation of Language and Spirit: Comparative Philology and the Early Study of American Indian Religions” | Method & Theory in the Study of Religion 27.3 (2015): 195-219 <pdf>
“Whiteness” | Dictionary of American History, Supplement: America in the World, 1776 to the Present, ed. Edward Blum, Cara L. Burnidge, Emily Conroy-Krutz, and David Kinkela (New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 2016) <pdf>
“Navigating Conversational Turns: Grounding Difficult Discussions on Racism” (co-authored with Beth Godbee and Moira Ozias) | Praxis: A Writing Center Journal 5.1 (2007) <pdf>
writing for public audiences
US landmarks bearing racist and Colonial references are renamed to reflect Indigenous values | The Conversation, April 26, 2021
Memory | A Universe of Terms, The Immanent Frame, May 29, 2020
Including Religion in the Standing Rock Syllabus | The Revealer, February 9, 2017
Resisting the “Inevitable” Narrative: Standing Rock’s Anti-Colonial Eventualities | The Revealer, December 7, 2016
posts for religion in american history blog
- Adventures in Religious Materiality, May 17, 2016
- Haunted by the Archive, February 25, 2016
- Religion on Display: Exploring Museums in the Study of Religion, Race, and Ethnicity, November 17, 2015
- Zen and the Art of Cultural Commodification, May 17, 2015
- Future Saint: Junipero Serra, Violence, and the Legacy of Missions, January 17, 2015
- Online Resources for the Study of Native American Religions, November 27, 2014
collaborative projects, past & present
- Scholars of American Religion in Iowa (SOARIA)
- Religion and U.S. Empire
- Politics of Religion at Home & Abroad <past>
- Religion and Diversity Project <past>
- IPinCH // Intellectual Property Issues in Cultural Heritage: Theory, Practice, Policy, Ethics <past>